Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety is a normal part of our life. Anyone can feel a little anxious before his/her wedding, final exam or before and during an interview. But when Anxiety is not little or temporary it can lead to ANXIETY DISORDER.

For example: when an anxiety does not fade away and increases over time.

Anxiety can disturb your daily routine like job performances, studies, personal relationships etc.


Type of Anxiety:

Generalised Anxiety Disorder

Panic Disorder

Social Anxiety Disorder


Risk Factors:

Some genetic and environmental factors are risk factors for anxiety disorder such as:

  • Indifferent nature from childhood
  • Shyness during childhood
  • Being female
  • Having less economic resources
  • Being divorced or widowed
  • Exposure to stress
  • Parental history of mental disorders
  • Elevated cortisol levels in the saliva

 

Treatment and Therapies:

Anxiety disorders are generally treated with psychotherapy, medication or both

 

Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy is also known as ‘talk therapy’. It can help people with anxiety disorders. A typical ”side effect” of psychotherapy is temporary discomfort.

Behavioural Therapy:

Behavioural therapy is a type of psychotherapy that helps people with anxiety disorders. It changes the way persons thinks, behaves and reacts to a stressful, fearful situations.

Medications:

Medications do not cure anxiety disorder but give relief to some symptoms. Medications can only be prescribed by a qualified doctor. Common medications include:

  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-Anxiety Medications
  • Beta- Blockers